As a result of the ongoing pandemic and the changing nature of covid 19 cases in India, the CISCE have decided to cancel Class Xth and XIIth year 2021 exams. The cancellation of the examinations by the CISCE was done keeping in mind the safety, health & wellbeing of the students. The main challenge before the CISCE was to provide certification & results to students registered and confirmed to take the ICSE / ISC year 2021 examinations, without having the written examinations. However the CISCE is committed on devising a fair and unbiased criterion for the preparation of result.
The Parameters / Data from schools
The CISCE have decided upon the following broad parameters which would be used for the computations of the marks. The CISCE has requisitioned the submission of the necessary data by the schools concerned vide its circulars dated 29th April 2021 & 27th May 2021, for the ICSE examination & the ISC examination, respectively:
ISC Class XIIth
– The Average Marks of papers/subjects scored by candidates in various tests/examinations conducted by the school at the Classes XI and Xll through the Academic Years 2019-20 & 2020-21 respectively (in percentage form i.e. out of 100).
– The Class X Average Marks (English + best four subjects) of only those candidates who had passed Class X from Examination boards other than the CISCE, since the Class X Average Marks for candidates who had passed Class X from CISCE are already available with the board.
– The marks for the Project Work and ISC Year 2021 Practical Examination.
The data submitted by the schools was analysed by a team of reputed Statisticians from some of the Premier institutions in the country, along with Senior Officials of the CISCE. An extensive scenario analysis was done based on the data gathered for different subjects. Most importantly while devising the methodology for computing marks, the endeavor was also to ensure fairness to all students confirmed to appear for the ICSE / ISC year 2021 examinations to the best possible content. After the detailed analysis of the data, methodology was decided upon, for the computation of marks for each student, for each subject / paper.
Methodology of Computation of Results
ISC (Class XII)
Factors used in the computation
1. Best Year for the School: From among the overall result of a school in the ISC Years 2015 to 2020 Examinations, restricted only to those years when at least 10 candidates appeared for the ISC Examination in English and at least three other subjects from the school, the best year for this school will be the year when the school achieved the best average percentage (%) in terms of the total scores (out of 400 i.e., English + best 3 subjects.)
2. Benchmark Standard Deviation (common for all subjects) for a School (ơ): It is the Standard Deviation of the percentage (%) marks based on English + best 3 subjects (out of 400) obtained by all candidates of that school who appeared in the Best Year (as per #1).
EXCEPTION: The value of o for a school that never had at least 10 candidates appearing for English and at least three other subjects in a single year, will be the National Standard Deviation of the total scores of the previous ISC Examination (Year 2020) conducted by the CISCE.
3. Subject benchmark average percentage for a school (µ): It is the school average percentage (%), in the theory paper of a subject, in the Best Year for the School (as per #1), provided at least 10 candidates appeared for the subject from the school that year.
– If a school did not have at least 10 candidates appearing for the ISC Examination for a particular subject, in the Best Year for the School (as per #1), the National Average Percentage (%) of the subject from the previous ISC Examination (Year 2020) conducted by the CISCE [calculated using the theory percentage (%) of the subject of all candidates appearing for that subject in the Year 2020 Examination], will be used as the subject benchmark average u for that subject for that school.
– For subjects newly introduced for the ISC Year 2021 Examination, the value of u will be taken to be equal to m as to be computed in #10.
4. Subject Raw Theory Percentage (Praw): The maximum of the average percentage (%) marks obtained by a candidate in the theory paper of the said subject, in either Class XI or Class XII.
5. Subject Project and/or Practical Work Marks (PS): Total marks obtained by the candidate in the Project and/or Practical Work of the subject.
6. Percentage Subject Project and/or Practical Work (B): Percentage (%) of marks obtained by the candidate in the Project and/or Practical Work of the subject. Note that it is the marks obtained for project and/or Practical Work, expressed as a percentage (%).
7. Subject Raw Marks: Praw x weightage for board (theory) marks + PS (from #4 and #5) for subjects with Project and/or Practical Work components.
Note: Weightage for board (theory) marks is =
maximum (theory) marks of a subject
EXCEPTION: For subjects with no Project and/or Practical Work components, the subject raw marks is taken as equal to Praw.
8. Raw total: Using the Subject Raw Marks (from #7), the Total Marks (out of 400) for a candidate for English and best three subjects will be calculated.
9. Raw Standard Deviation (common for all subjects) for a school (s): It is the Standard Deviation of the percentage based on the raw totals (out of 400) obtained by all candidates of the school appearing for English and at least three other subjects in ISC Year 2021 Examination (see #8).
EXCEPTION: If a school has less than 10 candidates appearing for English and at least three other subjects in ISC Year 2021 Examination, the National Standard Deviation of the Raw Totals from ISC Year 2021 Examination (for candidates appearing for English and at least three other subjects) will be the value of s for that school.
10. Subject Raw Average Percentage for a School (m): It is the School Average Percentage in the theory paper for the subject in ISC Year 2021 Examination, provided at least 10 candidates appeared for the subject from that school in ISC Year 2021 Examination.
EXCEPTION: If a school does not have at least 10 candidates appearing for a subject in ISC Year 2021 Examination, the National Raw Theory Percentage average for ISC Year 2021 Examination calculated using raw theory percentages of the subject of all candidates appearing for that subject in ISC Year 2021 Examination) will be used as the Subject Raw Average Percentage m for that subject, for that school.
11. Class X Board Percentage (C): It is the percentage (%) marks obtained by the candidate in Class X board examination [English + Best four subjects].
ALGORITHM TO BE USED:
(a) Compute the scaled score (A) as : A= ơ (Praw – m) + µ
[ơ (Point #2), s (Point # 9), Praw (Point # 4), m (Point # 10), µ (Point #3)]
Note: For the above calculation, if ơ > 4, replace it by 4
If the obtained value of A>100, take A = 100.
If the obtained value of A<10, take A = 10.
(b) Obtain the Subject Board (theory) Marks Percentage (percentage of marks obtained by the algorithm which will be awarded to the candidate for the board examination in a subject, in the theory papers) by:
SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS PERCENTAGE = 0.6 A+0.3 B +0.10
Where the weightage of A is 60%, B is 30% and C is 10%
(i) Scaled Score (A): = ơ (Praw – m) + µ
(ii) Percentage Subject Project and/or Practical Work (B)
(iii) Class X Board Percentage
– For subjects without a project and / or practical component, the formula will be taken as 0.9A+0.1C (Where the weightage of A is 90% and C is 10%).
– The same formula will be used for candidates who were unable to appear in the practical examinations.
(c) Determine the Subject Board (theory) Marks as:
SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS = SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS PERCENTAGE X WEIGHTAGE FOR BOARD (THEORY) MARKS
(d) Obtain the Subject Final Marks as:
SUBJECT FINAL MARKS = SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS + SUBJECT PROJECT and/or PRACTICAL WORK MARKS
For subjects without project and/or practical work component, take the Subject Final Marks to be the same as the Subject Board Marks.
1. The components used to arrive at the formula to award the marks in the subjects which have Project and/or Practical Work component are limited to:
– Marks percentage in Class X Board Examination
– Marks obtained for Project and/or Practical Work in the subjects for the ISC Year 2021 Examination.
– The performance of the candidates in the school examinations in each of the subjects/papers in either Class XI or Class XII, measured through their maximum percentage marks obtained in the theory paper of the two years (referred to henceforth as raw marks).
– The best performance of the school in the Board Examination in the last six years (ISC Years 2015 to 2020 Examinations).
The first factor measures the general proficiency of the candidates, the next two factors measure the subject proficiency of the candidates, while the last is a measure of the general quality of the schools the candidates are appearing from.
2. The theory marks awarded to the candidates are taken as a weighted average of their project and practical work component, the base and scale adjusted raw marks and Class X Board Percentage. To arrive at the weights, detailed analyses were performed on the data from the past ISC Board Examinations of the Years 2015 to 2020. Extensive scenario analyses were done based on different subjects. Most importantly, the weights were so chosen as to ensure fairness to all the candidates
appearing in the Board Examination this year to the best possible extent.
3. For schools/ subjects with very few candidates, reliable benchmarking based on past/present data of the school is not possible. For such situations, the benchmarking will be done using the appropriate national benchmarks
For a subject with 30% marks allocated for practical and Project Work and 70% for Theory marks, the subject BIOLOGY is taken as an example.
Assume that the school from which the candidate in this example is appearing, had at least 10 or more ISC candidates appearing for English and at least three other subjects every year, during ISC Years 2015 to 2020 Examinations, and the same is the case in ISC Year 2021 Examination. Also, assume that there are 10 or more candidates appearing for BIOLOGY in ISC Year 2021 Examination from the School.
Suppose the school achieved the highest school average in ISC Year 2015 Examination. Then for that school, the best year is 2015, which will be used in all our subsequent calculations.
Suppose in the Year 2015, the Standard Deviation of the percentage based on the total scores (out of 400) obtained by all candidates of the school appearing for English and at least three other subjects was 7. Hence, for the school, benchmark standard deviation (ơ) will be 7 (Refer to IV ISC subpart 2).
Now, suppose we observe that the average percentage marks that the students obtained in BIOLOGY theory paper from the school in Year 2015 was 93. Then Benchmark Average Percentage (u) for BIOLOGY will be u = 93 (Refer to IV ISC subpart 3).
Assume that the candidate concerned has obtained 80% Average Marks in Class XI, and 78% Average Marks in Class XII in BIOLOGY theory paper. Then the candidate’s raw percentage of BIOLOGY theory paper will be considered as 80 (Refer to IV ISC subpart 4)
Suppose the candidate has obtained 27 (out of 30) in the BIOLOGY practical paper. Hence the percentage marks in BIOLOGY practical paper is 90 (B) (Refer to IV ISC subpart 6).
The raw marks in BIOLOGY will be 80 x70/100 + 27 = 83.
We compute the Raw Total of this candidate considering his/her raw marks in English and the best three of the other subjects. Next, we do the same for all the other candidates from the school.
Suppose the Standard Deviation of these raw marks is 6 (s) (Refer to IV ISC subpart 9).
Further, suppose the average raw BIOLOGY theory percentage be 89 for all candidates from the school (m) (Refer to IV ISC subpart 10).
Hence the scaled score of the candidate in BIOLOGY will be calculated as per:
(A):= ơ (Praw – m) + µ
i.e. A = 7/6 (80-89)+93=82.5
To compute the subject Board (theory) Marks Percentage, the candidate’s class X percentage will also be required. Suppose the Class X percentage of the candidate is 95 (C).
SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS PERCENTAGE = 0.6 A +0.3 B +0.1 C
Subject (BIOLOGY) Board (Theory) Marks percentage = 0.6 x 82.5 +0.3 x 90 +0.1 x 95 = 86.
SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS = SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS PERCENTAGE WEIGHTAGE FOR BOARD (THEORY) MARKS
Subject (BIOLOGY) Board (theory) marks = 86 x 0.7 = 60.2 = 60.
SUBJECT FINAL MARKS = SUBJECT BOARD (THEORY) MARKS + SUBJECT PROJECT and/or PRACTICAL WORK MARKS
Subject (BIOLOGY) Final Total Marks = 60+ 27 = 87.
V. PREPARATION OF RESULTS
After obtaining the marks for each candidate, for each subject / paper, using the above methodology, the CISCE will prepare the results of the ICSE and ISC Year 2021 Examinations, incorporating the same processes, as has been the practice in the previous years.
VI. CANDIDATES WITH SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES
Consideration will be given to the candidates with Special Difficulty by the committee, as has been the practice in the past, while processing the final results. This will be applicable only to those cases that have been approved by the CISCE for ICSE / ISC Year
VII. RETENTION OF NECESSARY RECORDS BY SCHOOLS
All the schools are required to mandatorily retain the Academic Records and the Attendance Records of the candidates for Classes IX & X/XI & XII, as applicable, who were confirmed for ICSE / ISC Year 2021 Examinations. These records will be required by the CISCE for verification and dispute resolution, if any.
VIII. DECLARATION OF RESULTS
The CISCE will endeavour to publish the results as expeditiously as possible. Subject to the situation remaining conducive and stable, the results will be published on or before 31st July 2021.
IX. DISPUTE RESOLUTION MECHANISM FOR CANDIDATES
(a) In the event a candidate has objection(s) regarding computation of marks in the result, she/he may make a written application to the school concerned, stating the objection in detail along with reasons thereof.
(b) The Head of the School concerned will review the application, and only upon being satisfied with the contentions made therein, forward the same to the CISCE along with her/his comments/remarks endorsing the contentions made and documents supporting the opinion regarding the computation of marks. No application will be entertained by the CISCE unless it is forwarded by the Head of the School concerned. Further, the application must be sent by the Head of the School to the CISCE within 07 days of declaration of results. Applications sent after the expiry of 07 days from the day of declaration of results will not be entertained.
(c) The CISCE will then review the application, the supporting documents and the Head of School’s comments/remarks and convey its decision to the concerned School, in writing. In case the result needs to be altered, the CISCE will notify the Head of the School concerned.
(d) The CISCE will appropriately appoint an inhouse committee for the dispute resolution mechanism. It is made clear for the avoidance of doubt that the Recheck of Answer Scripts is not applicable for the ICSE/ISC Year 2021 Examinations. This dispute resolution mechanism is only for the correction of calculation errors.
X. IMPROVEMENT EXAMINATION
Candidates who are not satisfied with the aforesaid assessment scheme will have the option to appear in the written examination in one or more subject(s)/paper(s) which shall be conducted by the CISCE subsequently.
The CISCE will endeavour to hold the improvement examinations as expeditiously as possible after the declaration of the results. Subject to the situation remaining conducive and stable and declaration of results in a timely fashion, the improvement examinations should commence before 1 September 2021. The CISCE will publish the detailed schedule of the improvement examinations well in advance from the commencement of the improvement examination such as to provide adequate opportunity to the students to prepare for the examinations.
The marks scored by the candidates in the improvement examination will be considered.
XI. COMPARTMENTAL EXAMINATION
ISC (Class XII)
Candidates who have failed to secure a Pass Certificate and have been awarded a PCNA (Pass Certificate Not Awarded) in the current year of the ISC Examination, provided they have passed in English and TWO other subjects, will be permitted to appear for the Compartmental Examination in any ONE of the Subject in which the candidate has not obtained a Pass Grade.
The CISCE will endeavour to hold the Compartmental Examinations as expeditiously as possible after the declaration of the results. Subject to the situation remaining conducive and stable and declaration of results in a timely fashion, the Compartmental Examinations should commence before 1 September 2021. The CISCE will publish the detailed schedule of the Compartmental Examinations later, but in advance of the date of commencement of examination such as to provide adequate opportunity to the students to prepare for the examinations.
Note: The timelines mentioned in this scheme are tentative and subject to change on account of change in circumstances.
As held by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in its order dated 17.6.2021 in the matter of Mamta Sharma v. CBSE & Ors. [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 522 of 2021], this scheme is subject to further orders of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the said matter.
JUNE 20, 2021